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Do It Yourself

Five Essential Steps – Concrete Paver Installation

1. Excavate & Compact Base Material

Excavate to the proper design depth (see
typical section below). Remove all surplus
unsuitable sub-base material. Compact the
area that has been cleared, then backfill the
area with a Class II 3/4” minus road base
material. The depth of the base should be 3-4
inches for pedestrian walkways and patios, 6-8
inches for light vehicular traffic and 10-12
inches for heavy vehicular traffic or otherwise
as directed by the Site Engineer, Architect or
Landscape Architect. The road base material
should be compacted to 95% density.


2. Screed Sand Bed

Spread concrete sand evenly over the road
base and screed to a uniform depth of 1 to 1
1/2 inches up to the edge. (Edge restraints can
be of various types, e.g. concrete, wood, plastic
pavement edging, etc.) The screeded sand
should not be disturbed until the pavers are


3. Install Concrete Pavers

Install the concrete pavers hand tight in the
desired pattern 1/4 to 3/8 inches above final
grade. Care should be taken to select the
desired color distribution, keeping in mind that
even solid colors have some variation in color
and texture. The pavers are made with
integrated ribs to create a minimum joint
spacing necessary for sand to enter. Use a
paver splitter or a diamond blade masonry saw.

4. Sand the Joints

Once the pavers are installed, sweep a fine dry
sand over the pavers and into the joints. Vibrate
the pavers into the sand bed with vibratory plate
compactor. This piece of equipment should be
capable of 3,000 to 5,000 lbs. centrifugal
compaction force and operate at a frequency of
80 to 90 hertz. To help prevent the vibratory plate
from scarring the pavers, we recommend using
an impact pad on the vibratory plate designed for
paver installation. You can also use thin plywood,
carpet or cardboard, etc.


5. Sweep Sand

Sweep off excess sand and wash down
completed project. The paver surface is now
ready for use.

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